“Saare jahan se accha, Hindustan hamara.”
26th January is one of those days which is imprinted on the minds of every Indian heart. Today even Google, changed it’s doodle. Thank you Google!! It is my country, India’s, Republic Day. 26th January, 1950, is honored as the date when the Constitution of India came into force. There is a reason why 26th January, 1950, marks our republic day though we won our Independence on 15th January, 1947. What happened during these three years?
Even after two years of British ruling India, the leaders didn’t aim for complete independence. Few young leaders of Indian National Congress like Subhash Chandra Bose, Jawahar Lal Nehru, were in the favor of Dominion Status, where the Monarch of the United Kingdom would be the Constitutional head. Bhagat Singh, around 1927 aimed for complete independence unlike Congress. In December, 1928, Indian National Congress passed a resolution demanding Dominion Status which was rejected and this rejection angered many Indians and they demanded or wanted Purna Swaraj on 1929. Purna Swaraj or complete independence.
On the last Sunday of January, 1930, Jawahar Lal Nehru started the Purna Swaraj day or the independence day on the banks of Ravi in Lahore.
On 15th August, 1947, India gained it’s complete independence from the Britishers and became a free bird again. Though it took time for India to turn into the golden free bird.
The Constitution assembly was formed in 1946 and our Constitution was ready by 1949. It took two years and eleven months to draft the Constitution making it the largest Constitution of the world containing four hundred and forty eight articles!! Large it is, ain’t it? Our Constitution was drafted by Dr.B R Ambedkar. The Constitution was ready by 26th January, 1950, so the Indians decided to celebrate this day as Republic Day and 15th August as Independence Day.
The first Republic Day parade was held at Rajpath on 1955 and the song, ‘abide with me’, was played which was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi jee’s favorite song. The father of the nation had an unique choice indeed.
This Republic Day is marked by few happenings that made every Indian proud. French Marching contingent was seen for the first time ever. Even the Indian troops marched down the Champs Elysees in 2009. The Army dog squad was seen marching to pay tribute to Mansi, who was killed in an encounter with militants in Jammu and Kashmir. Another noticeable difference was the time taken to complete the parade. It took one hundred and fifteen minutes earlier but this time it was shorter. It took ninety minutes.
No matter how much time it took, I enjoyed the parade thoroughly. I take so much pride to tell, ‘Saare jahan se accha, Hindustan hamara!!’